Recessed lighting can add to both the form and function of your room, be it the kitchen, living room, bedroom, bathroom, or any other room.  Here are some things for you to consider when adding recessed lighting to a room.

1. Identify your goal

As with any other project, you need to determine what your goal is.  There are five main reasons to consider recessed lighting:

2. Develop a plan

Sketch the general dimensions of your room on grid paper.  Indicate the location of workspaces, counters, shelves, furniture, artwork, etc.

3. Calculate light placement

The basic rule of thumb is to divide the height of the ceiling by two.  That determines the space between lighting.  For a typical eight-foot ceiling, you would want lighting every four feet.  Again, this is a general rule of thumb and actual placement could vary.  Also try to keep your lighting at least three feet away from the wall to avoid casting shadows creating the perception the room is smaller than it is.

4. Determine size and trim style

This is largely subjective.  There are three trim sizes:

There are also three trim styles.  You should choose the style that best matches the room’s decor:

5. Use energy-efficient light bulbs

Energy-efficient light bulbs such as LED lights may cost a little more, but they last much longer and will cut down on energy costs.

6. Don’t forget dimmers

Dimmers can help create the appropriate mood in the room.  They also extent the life of the bulb since you are using less energy.