In the market for a new toilet? We don’t want to make it complicated for you, but you have lots of options. Here we address them.

Toilet types

There are several different toilet types.

Bowl options

You will need to choose bowl shape, height and color.

Flushing options

Water efficiency

Toilets account for about 30% of indoor water use, more than anything else. The current maximum allowable flush is 1.6 gallons per flush (gpf). However, new high efficiency toilets with the Environmental Protection Agency’s WaterSense certification flush at 1.28 gpf. Additionally, dual-flush toilets allow you to use a low water flush (0.8 to 1.2 gpf) for liquid waste and the traditional 1.6 gpf flush for solid waste.


If you want to spend a little (or a lot) more money, there are some non-traditional choices which, of course, do add expense.


The rough-in dimension is the measurement from the bolt cap to the wall behind the toilet. This is basically the measurement from the wall to the center of the drain in to the floor that the toilet bolts onto and empties into. Most toilets have a rough-in dimension of 12”, but toilets are also made to fit 10” and 14” rough-ins.